Halal Certified Cosmetics And Personal Care Products
January 2009 ISSN 1533-3361
ASSALAAMU ALAIKUM WA RAHMATULLAH Alhamdulillah was-salatu was-salaamu 'ala rasoolillah. All thanks and praise is to ALLAH, Subhanahu wa ta'ala, and we ask that HIS blessings and peace be upon HIS Messenger, Muhammad, salla ALLAHu alaihi wa sallam.
Halal Certified Cosmetics And Personal Care Products - Where Purity Comes First
By Haider Khattak
Cosmetics and personal care products are a part and parcel of our daily lives. These include baby products, bath products, oral care products, skin care products, personal hygiene products, perfumes, deodorants and makeup. Cosmetics and personal care products must comply with government safety regulations. The Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) defines cosmetics by their intended use as "articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body… for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance" [FD&C Act, sec. 201(i)]. Among products included in this definition are skin moisturizers, perfumes, lipsticks, nail polishes, eye and facial makeup, shampoos, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as other materials intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. Some products meet the definitions of both cosmetics and drugs. This may happen when a product has two intended uses. For instance, a shampoo is a cosmetic because its intended use is to clean hair. An anti-dandruff treatment is a drug because its intended use is the treatment of dandruff. Consequently, an anti-dandruff shampoo is both a cosmetic and a drug (FDA 2002). FDA considers toothpaste as both a cosmetic and a drug because most toothpastes contain fluoride that is used to prevent tooth decay. However, FD&C Act Section 201(i)(2) excludes soap from the definition of a cosmetic. Health Canada (2008) defines cosmetics as products that clean, improve and/or alter skin complexion, hair or teeth. All cosmetics sold to the public must meet the requirements of the Food and Drugs Act and the Cosmetic Regulations and the Consumer Packaging and Labeling Act and Regulations.
Historically, plant based products have been used for cleaning, moisturizing, covering up blemishes and even treating minor skin conditions. Currently available skin care products are a concoction of several ingredients; some good, others questionable. For halal consumers, cosmetics and personal care products do present some challenges because they contain ingredients that make them questionable (Mashbooh). Here is a low down on personal care products and their composition. A majority of these products are mostly made with botanical ingredients. A botanical ingredient is a component of a cosmetic or personal care product that originates from plants (herbs, roots, flowers, fruits, leaves or seeds). Botanical ingredients are naturally halal, unless mixed with ingredients of animal origin. Some of the commonly used ingredients are discussed here.
Cetyl Alcohol, Cetearyl Alcohol, Myristyl Alcohol and Behenyl Alcohol are white, waxy solids, not related to ethyl alcohol. Cetyl Alcohol and Stearyl Alcohol are two major components of Cetearyl Alcohol. These ingredients are all fatty alcohols and occur naturally in small quantities in plants and animals. They are commonly used in cosmetics and personal care products, especially in skin lotions and creams.
Dimethicone and Methicone, both silicone based polymers, are also considered halal, and used as antifoaming agents or skin conditioning agents.
Ethyl alcohol or common alcohol, when used in products that are not food, beverages or oral hygiene products, in most countries including the United States, is denatured alcohol. This means that a small amount of denaturant is added to the alcohol to make it taste bad. Alcohol Denat. is the general name used for denatured alcohol. Specific denatured alcohols that are permitted for use in cosmetics and personal care products include Specially Denatured (SD) Alcohol. Alcohol and Alcohol Denat. are used in many products including makeup, lotions, fragrance, shaving products, oral care, skin and hair care products.
Isopropyl Alcohol is widely used in cosmetic and personal care products and can be found in nail, hair and skin care products including aftershave lotions, bath products, eye makeup and cleansing products.
All the above products with names ending in alcohol are not drinkable and orally consumable products. They have no relation to khamr the common intoxicating alcoholic drinks. Hence they are halal for use in skin care products.
Glyceryl Stearate acts as a lubricant on the skin's surface, which gives the skin a soft and smooth appearance. Glyceryl Stearate is made by reacting glycerine with stearic acid, a fatty acid obtained from animal and vegetable fats and oils. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Stearates are esters of polyethylene glycol and stearic acid. PEG Stearates are used in skin creams, conditioners, shampoos, body cleansers and soapless detergents. Sorbitan Stearates, Sorbitan Laurate, Sorbitan Sesquioleate, Sorbitan Oleate, Sorbitan Tristearate, Sorbitan Palmitate, Sorbitan Trioleate are used in a variety of products including skin care products, skin cleansing products, moisturizers, eye makeup and other makeup. These sorbitan esters are produced by reacting the polyol, sorbitol, with fatty acids. Obviously, animal derived ingredients are questionable and must be avoided. These ingredients are Mashbooh, and must be further investigated by calling the manufacturers.
Butylene Glycol, Hexylene Glycol, Ethoxydiglycol and Dipropylene Glycol are clear, practically colorless, liquids. These ingredients are used in the formulation of hair and bath products, eye and facial makeup, fragrances, personal cleanliness products, shaving and skin care products. There are no halal concerns about these products.
Glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be obtained from natural sources or can be synthesized. Glycerin may be found in soaps, toothpaste, shaving cream, eyebrow pencils, lip colors, and skin and hair care products. Glycerin, also referred to as Glycerol, is a component of all animal and vegetable fats and oils. It can also be synthesized from carbohydrate materials or from substances such as petroleum. Vegetable derived glycerin and synthetic glycerin are considered halal. Animal derived glycerin may not be. Not knowing the source makes it doubtful. Consumers need to ask manufacturers whether glycerin is vegetable or animal based.
Sodium Laureth Sulfate and Ammonium Laureth Sulfate are used in the formulation of shampoos, bath products, and skin cleansing products but can also be found in other types of products. These ingredients exhibit a high degree of foaming and impart "softness" to the skin. Both ingredients are Mashbooh, as are Sodium Lauryl Sulfate and Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate.
Collagen is used in many personal care products such as skin care and anti-aging creams. It is made from animal hides including pigs and may be labeled as hydrolyzed animal protein. Products containing collagen and hydolyzed animal protein must be avoided.
Ozokerite, Ceresin and Montan Wax are mineral waxes, derived from coal and shale. Paraffin and Microcrystalline Wax are derived from petroleum. Emulsifying Wax and Synthetic Beeswax are manufactured waxes. These waxes are used in many types of products including lipsticks, baby products, eye and facial makeup, as well as nail care, skin care, suntan lotion, sunscreen, fragrances and non-coloring hair preparations. Ozokerite is a naturally occurring fossil wax found near soft shale. Most of the Ozokerite used in commercial applications is mined in Eastern Europe. It hardens on aging and its hardness varies according to its source and refinement. Ceresin is a white to yellow waxy mixture of hydrocarbons obtained by purification of Ozokerite. Montan Wax is a wax obtained by extraction of lignite (woody coals). Paraffin and Microcrystalline Wax are distillation products of petroleum. Emulsifying Wax is made from a mixture of cetyl and stearyl alcohol and polyoxyethylene derivatives of fatty acid esters of sorbitan. Synthetic Wax is a blend of low molecular weight polymers of ethylene. Synthetic Beeswax is a blend of fatty esters, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, and high molecular weight hydrocarbons. The properties of Synthetic Beeswax resemble beeswax. Since Synthetic Beeswax contains some critical ingredients, it becomes Mashbooh.
Sun-Maid Growers of California IFANCA Halal-Certified
Founded in 1912, Sun-Maid Growers of California, the world’s largest producer and processor of raisins and other premium quality dried fruits, is now IFANCA halal-certified. Sun-Maid's raisin sales of over $200 million and 200 million pounds annually are approximately half "Sun-Maid" retail consumer products and half ingredient products for such items as cereals, breads, and a variety of other food products. Located in Kingsburg, California in the heart of the San Joaquin Valley’s raisin producing district, Sun-Maid products are distributed throughout the United States and in more than 50 countries. For a complete list of Sun-Maid Growers of California halal-certified products, visit www.ifanca.org and select Sun-Maid Growers of California from the drop down menu.
Sun-Maid Recipe: Spice Raisin Oatmeal Cookie Bars
PREHEAT oven to 375°F. Spray baking pan with cooking spray; set aside.
COMBINE eggs, vegetable oil, and vanilla powder in a large mixing bowl. Use an electric mixer to beat on low, until combined.
ADD spice cake mix and brown sugar. Beat on low until dough comes together. (Dough will be dense.)
STIR in oats, raisins, and pecans separately.
SPREAD dough into prepared pan.
BAKE for 20-25 minutes.
REMOVE from oven and let cool. Cut into bars to serve.
Optional: Sprinkle desired amount of coarse or decorative sugar over dough mixture for added decoration before baking.
You Will Need:
9x13 baking pan
Cooking spray, butter flavored
Large mixing bowl
2 large eggs
½ cup vegetable oil
1 teaspoon vanilla powder
1 box (18.25 oz.) spice cake mix
½ cup brown sugar
1 cup oats
1 cup Sun-Maid raisins
½ cup pecan pieces (optional)
2 tablespoons to ¼ cup decorative or coarse sugar (optional)
Sunsweet Growers Inc. Halal Certified by IFANCA
Sunsweet Growers Inc., the world's largest handler of dried tree fruits including cranberries, apricots and prunes, added IFANCA halal-certification to its list of credentials. A grower-owned marketing cooperative representing more than one-third of the prune market worldwide, Sunsweet processes more than 50,000 tons of prunes a year.
Founded in 1917 as the California Prune and Apricot Growers Association, the cooperative served as a marketing agent to offer the crops of its members - under the brand name "Sunsweet" - to consumers at better prices than were offered by individual growers.
Today, Sunsweet processes and markets the dried fruit production of more than 400 grower-members with orchard holdings primarily in California's Sacramento and San Joaquin valleys. After nearly nine decades, Sunsweet boasts an enviable brand recognition of 85 percent in American households, placing it in the very top rank of long-standing successful American products.
Sunsweet's Yuba City, California headquarters is home to the world's largest dried fruit processing plant, with the highest product quality standards anywhere. Each day, an average of 40,000 cases of Sunsweet products are sealed and marked for worldwide distribution. For a complete list of Sunsweet Growers Inc. IFANCA halal-certified products, visit www.ifanca.org and select Sunsweet Growers, Inc. from the dropdown menu.
With Sunsweet Growers Inc. and Sun-Maid Growers of California both IFANCA halal-certified now, there's yet another reason to make their products a regular part of one's daily diet. All their products have a wealth of benefits, some of which are:
Cranberries and cranberry juice are known to help treat urinary tract infection. A study among elderly patients found that a daily dose of 300 ml of cranberry juice, over six months, suggested a 50% reduction of the infection. Cranberries have also been found to have active ingredients similar to drugs prescribed by doctors to control asthma. The berry may reduce cholesterol as well. "Laboratory results have also shown that cranberry extract reduces the oxidation of 'bad cholesterol'. This helps promote a healthy heart."
Prunes, dried version of European plums are also called dried plums. A good source of vitamin A (in the form of beta-carotene), a quarter-cup of prunes will give you 16.9% of the daily value for vitamin A. High in phytonutrients called neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acid, both of which act as antioxidants, prunes are a welcome addition to ones diet. According to studies, these phytonutrients "are particularly effective in neutralizing a particularly dangerous oxygen radical called superoxide anion radical, and they have also been shown to help prevent oxygen-based damage to fats. Since our cell membranes, brain cells and molecules such as cholesterol are largely composed of fats, preventing free radical damage to fats is no small benefit."
Apricots are an excellent source of the antioxidant beta-carotene and are rich in iron and potassium. They can help regulate blood pressure and being high in soluble fiber, help maintain regular bowel function and reduce skin problems.
Raisins are a great source of energy, natural sugars and potassium. An adequate intake of the latter helps maintain normal blood pressure. Low in sodium, it's the ideal heart healthy addition to your cereal. The fiber and tartaric acid in raisins combine forces to contribute towards a healthy colon, while the phenolic compounds in raisins act as powerful, protective antioxidants. Raisins are also a great addition to your diet if you're trying to lower your blood cholesterol and keep its damaging oxidation at bay.
Drink Milk, Heal Faster
Michael Phelps was seen chugging down chocolate milk at last years Summer Olympics and he wasn't the only athlete doing it. Previous research has shown a link between milk and effective rehydration. A study published in the August 2008 edition of the Journal of Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, however, also found that milk has certain proteins and carbohydrates that assist in "mitigating exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD)". EIMD is the result of protein structures breaking down within the muscle, thereby reducing muscle performance.
"At 48 hour post-EIMD, milk and milk-based protein–CHO supplementation resulted in the attenuation of decreases in isokinetic muscle performance and increases in creatine kinase and myoglobin", the researchers wrote.
"The results found that, when consumed immediately after resistance-based muscle damaging exercise, both semi-skimmed milk and milk-based CHO-P helped to preserve more muscle than either sports drinks or water", the Dairy Council said.
A 2006 study published in the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism even speculated that chocolate milk is better for recovery than plain milk because of the presence of extra sugars.
Source: Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism
"A Halal Meat Business Thrives in New York", on www.america.gov features the protagonists from the award-winning documentary, A Son's Sacrifice, father Riaz Uddin, 73 and his son Imran, 31, who took over his halal meat business. Dr. Muhammad Chaudry of IFANCA was quoted in the story. "Thirty years ago, there were only one or two part-time halal butchers in New York. Today, there are more than 100 full-time halal businesses in the area", he said.
The 11th International Halal Food Conference organized by the Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America will be held in Chicago on April 20-21, 2009. For further information contact firstname.lastname@example.org.